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Electromagnetic Geophysical Equipment

Electromagnetic Geophysical Equipment
Inferring electrical conductivity from measurements of natural geomagnetic and geoelectric field variation at the earth's surface.Electromagnetic geophysical equipment can measure depth ranges from 300 m to 10,000 m or deeper.
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Product Details

Introduction

GD-4 electromagnetic instrument is based on and refers to a technique in which electrical resistivity is determined by making measurements of electric and magnetic fields related to naturally occurring currents (“tellurics”, caused mostly by lightning strikes) flowing in the ground.


It has many characteristics like the random signal processing technology, embedded real-time operating system technology, large-scale field programmable logic array technology, 32 A/D high precision and high speed recording technology and the latest electronic technology, electromagnetic high frequency earth (HMT), It also can do survey like audio magnetotelluric (AMT) and magnetotelluric (MT or LMT).


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Common applications for AMT and HSAMT (GD-4)

1.Minerals and ground water exploration to 1,500m depth.

2.Deep engineering site characterization.

3.Academic research.


Considerations and Limitations for AMT and HSAMT

1.Data quality for AMT and the low-frequency bands of HSAMT depend on the availability of natural field sources. Natural AMT signal availability depends on the season, time of day, and weather.

2.Contamination by 50 Hz or 60 Hz power sources such as power lines, industrial machinery, or urban settings negatively affect data quality.


Advantages of AMT and HSAMT over similar techniques

1.AMT acquisition is faster than traditional MT. Acquisition for low-frequency MT data requires up to 12 hours on a single station. Collection of high-frequency AMT data at 10 Hz and above can be done in less than 15 minutes.


2.HSAMT transmitter setup is much faster and easier. A traditional grounded dipole CSAMT transmitter can take several hours to set up. A dual-loop induction transmitter as a high-frequency source can be set up in less than 10 minutes.


3.HSAMT can resolve shallow targets. HSAMT up to 100 kHz can image targets as shallow as 5 meters. Traditional low-frequency MT cannot resolve targets in the upper 100m. AMT to 10 kHz can resolve targets as shallow as 20 meters in conductive earth.


4.AMT and HSAMT sensor setup is easier. Traditional low-frequency MT surveys require the magnetic sensors to be buried at least 20cm in the ground, which can take considerable time and may be impossible in frozen or otherwise hard ground. High-frequency AMT or HSAMT magnetic sensors can often be used unburied. MT electric sensors use non-polarizing porous pot electrodes which must be buried in moist ground. The AMT electrodes can be metal stakes that are simply hammered into the ground.


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Techncial Specifiaction of GD-4 Electromagnetic geophysical equipment

Method:MT,AMT, CSAMT Controlled Source Audio MT

Number of Channels 2Magnetic,2Electric

ADC: 32bit, high (maximum sampling rate 192ksps);

Dynamic range: 160dB, instant 130dB@24kHz, 0dB;

Frequency range: DC to 92kHz;

Input range: 10 V PP @ 0dB;

Noise level: <5nV/√Hz@24kHz, 36 dB;

Input impedance: electrical channel >10MOhm, Magnetic channel >20kOhm;

Gain control: programmed 0dB, 12dB, 24dB, 36dB;

Synchronization accuracy: ±100ns;

Power consumption: <10W@12VDC;

Size: 26 x 17.3x 10.6 cm;

Weight: 4.0kg;

Waterproof rating: IP67.

Self-test content: instrument gain, dynamic range detection, acquisition box, magnetic sensor sensitivity calibration;

Operating system: embedded Linux;

Display: 6.5 inch industrial grade LCD;

LCD brightness: 1200cd/m2, daylight visible;

Storage capacity: 32G;

Data transmission: USB2.0&

Battery capacity: 12.6V 13.4Ah, can work continuously for 16 hours;

Power interface: External 12V battery or adapter works.


Optional Sensor

M100K magnetic sensor

Bandwidth

1Hz to 100kHz

Noise level

1pT/√Hz@1Hz,<10fT/√Hz@1000Hz

Power supply

20mA@±12V

Sensitivity

100mV/nT

Size

Φ6cm*81cm

Weight

3.0kg


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M10K magnetic sensor

Bandwidth

0.1Hz to 10kHz

Noise level

1pT/√Hz@1Hz,<10fT/√Hz@1000Hz

Power supply

20mA@±12V

Sensitivity

100mV/nT

Size

Φ6cm*81cm

Weight

3.0kg


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TM4000 transmitter

Frequency

1.0-6.0kHz (dead band compensation)

No.of sweep frequency

27

Launch moment

4000A.m2

Sensitivity

100mV/nT

Antenna area

25㎡

Transmit input power

12-24V

Size

25 x 10cm 30x transmitter

Weight

5kg

Waterproof

IP66

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